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26 Oct 2020

National Seminar of Reading Interest Fostering Movement (GPMB)-the Need to Change Literacy Paradigm

Salemba, Jakarta - Based on Law Number 43 of 2007 on library, it is stated that fostering reading fondness is carried out through families, educational units and communities. So that local governments and communities encourage the growth of libraries, TBMs, and reading corners. This is because libraries have a role in realising intelligent humans who have a habit of reading as lifelong learning effort.

"Various creative, innovative, and visionary programmes are implemented in library's effort to provide quality services to library users to increase their passion for reading to educate the nation's life," said Deputy of Library Resources Development, Deni Kurniadi at GPMB National Seminar with the theme “Indonesian Literacy Movement, Map, and Paradigm History: Development and Achievement”, Monday (26/10).

Furthermore, Deni explained, this activity is to answer several assessments of international institutions which still considered that reading interest and fondness in Indonesia are still low. In fact, to find out this requires quantitative and qualitative measurements that are reviewed comprehensively.

Director of Cultural Development and Utilisation of Ministry of Education and Culture, Restu Gunawan said, strengthening literacy is needed for the advancement of culture. Entering the industrial revolution 4.0, all fields experienced a big wave, including library. Strengthening literacy becomes common thinking with the context 4.0.

"There needs to be support availability to change the culture of speaking to shift into the culture of reading and writing. In today's digital era, there is actually no more obstacles, everyone can access it. With the help of technology, we benefit from accelerating this literacy process,” he explained.

In his opinion, it is necessary to change the paradigm regarding culture which is not only talking about the past, but also must be expressed in a visual form. "Our obstacle is not being able to understand cultural literacy. Whereas culture has a broad impact in everyday life, such as learning diplomacy and character building,” he explained.

Another speaker, Gol A Gong, said that literacy quakes are quakes that change a new paradigm, namely quakes destroying ignorance and quakes building new civilisation. In his opinion, in this digital era we must be able to adapt. GPMB as a government partner in driving literacy in reading and writing must also have a strategy to promote reading interest in the era of digital literacy.

Just as the experience he has had by utilising various digital platforms including YouTube, Instagram, and Facebook. One of them is opening online writing classes, educating people through videos.

"We must quickly adapt to this digital era, because digital literacy can provide economic value to improve welfare," he said.

Meanwhile, General Chairperson of Reading Interest Fostering Movement (GPMB), Tjahjo Suprajogo explained, Indonesian people have known the world of literacy since ancient times, such as the remains of pictures and writings in prehistoric caves or traces of writing in various inscriptions and temples in the archipelago kingdom era. "Indonesia is actually a country with a fairly old literacy history," he said.

Moreover, when it is traced from archipelago manuscripts written by hand and using old characters, at least it indicates writing activities. Almost all regions in Indonesia having local languages ​​and scripts are the script’s place of origin. This is indicated by the manuscripts written in local language using original local script or writing. Such as Aceh, Batak, Rejang, Kerinci, Lampung, Javanese, Sundanese, Balinese, Bima, Banjar, Bugis and Makassar scripts.

"Departing from this paradigm, the implementation of literacy in Indonesian context must adjust to the socio-cultural level, and people's knowledge, local cultural diversity and the conditions experienced by the community," he concluded.




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