Medan Merdeka Selatan, Jakarta - Anticipating a demographic bonus that will benefit Indonesian nation in 2045, in which the composition of productive age is at 64% compared to nonproductive age, the culture of reading fondness for children from an early age becomes very important and strategic. Family, community, and education unit must be involved in mutual cooperation, one of which is through the role of Dharma Wanita. Dharma Wanita is an organisation whose members are wives of Civil Servants (PNS), including retired wives and widows of PNS, and has an important role as role models for families and communities in encouraging children to love reading.
According to BPS data for 2019, male population of Indonesia is 135,337,000 and female population of Indonesia is 134,266,400. From these data, it can be concluded that female population who will become mothers can play a role in realising the development of Indonesia's human resources through strengthening a culture of literacy, especially during Covid-19 pandemic like today which has changed the way everyone acts.
"This pandemic has an impact on all aspects of life, including education which has switched to distance learning or Study from Home (SFH). National Library in this case is very ready to respond and serve all the needs of SFH," said Director of National Library of Indonesia, Muhammad Syarif Bando, while giving a speech at webinar with the theme" The Role of Mothers in Education and Improving Reading Fondness for Family during Covid-19 Pandemic”, Monday (21/12/2020).
On the same occasion, as Keynote Speaker, Chairperson of Dharma Wanita Persatuan, Erni Guntardi Thahjo Kumolo, said that the main purpose of establishing Dharma Wanita was to improve the quality of resources for civil servant family members to achieve national prosperity. In addition, Dharma Wanita also has Panca Dharma Wanita, one of which is about the role of "Women as Successors of Descendants and Child Educators". Thus, it is very clear that mother plays a role as one of the spearheads of the nation in educating the nation's life.
"Mother has become a central figure in life, especially during Covid-19 pandemic. The change of learning model to SFH, requires students to be able to independently learn from home and without good supervision, of course the learning will not run effectively. For this reason, the role of mother is very important in providing education to her child," said Erni.
In line with this explanation, the professor of UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Zaitunah Subhan, explained that mother is the first woman known by children and shares duties with father to care for, nurture, educate, and raise their children together. Mothers who are mostly at home, during Covid-19 pandemic, are required to be more creative in making quality activities.
"One of the activities that can be done during #dirumahaja, is reading. Reading activities must be started early to form interest in reading and instill the habit of exploring books, not just school books. Thus, reading is expected to be a fun activity,” said Zaitunah.
Responding to this, in order to support the role of parents, especially mothers as educators, Director of National Library of Indonesia explained that National Library of Indonesia also provides digital-based reading materials including iPusnas, e-Resources, and Khastara. iPusnas provides 56,640 electronic book titles with 673,312 copies from 300 publishers. e-Resources provides three billion digital collection titles including journal articles, e-books, journals, and other reference works. Khastara provides one million digital manuscripts of local wisdom libraries such as ancient manuscripts, rare books, maps, photographs, drawings, and paintings. The three digital services from National Library of Indonesia can be accessed online anywhere and anytime.