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25 Sep 2020

Digital Literacy in Pandemic Period Webinar: Lack of Digital Proficiency, Low in Critical Thinking

Salemba, Jakarta — Indonesia is truly a digital paradise. Imagine, from a total of 272 million people in Indonesia, 338 million cell phones are in circulation. This means that every resident has more than one cell phone. In fact, 175 million Indonesians are active on social media for more than seven hours. However, do you realize that playing digital without being accompanied by digital proficiency (digital literacy) can make someone be a person who is vulnerable to hoaxes.

The Indonesian Reading Ambassador, Najwa Shihab, on the occasion of 'Digital Literacy in Pandemic Period' Webinar held by the National Library on Friday (9/25) admitted that many people like reading via digital. Because you only need a cell phone device to enter various social media timelines, such as Facebook.

Even though reading through such visuals will not only have an impact on eye fatigue, but also result in incomplete concentration because there are too many notifications (advertisements) when reading.

"The information that is absorbed becomes incomplete," explained Najwa Shihab.

Even worse that from the data mentioned above, Indonesia is one of the most active countries on social media. Especially in matter of commenting on social media. In fact, social media has a quite severe vulnerability in presenting information. Lots of lies. If this is not realized, it will make it difficult for people to think critically.

"This is what experienced by the Indonesian people. Low in critical thinking skill because we trust more in the internet, "explained Nana.

Critical thinking is part of digital literacy. Which unfortunately cannot be used optimally. From basic education, children are often taught the ability to memorize. Even though the ability to memorize is only a few of brain's abilities that can be optimized.

Digital literacy teaches people to be aware of data (data awareness), able to analyse data so they can digest incoming information, and able to focus.

"Digital literacy is not just tech savvy. Namely good at making Tik-Tok content and so on.”

Meanwhile, the Senior Librarian of National Library Sri Sumekar said that most digital users are millennials. And currently the library is actively carrying out the Digital Literacy Movement, inviting active participation from universities.

“The Digital Literacy Movement is responsive. And the main target is millennials," she said.

The context of digital literacy has become an international topic. The International Federation Library Association (IFLA) suggests that library should be part of sustainable development goals (SDGs) where one of the targets in 2020 is increasing literacy, innovation, and creativity.

During the pandemic, all library functions were carried out through digital, such as strengthening digital collections, digital book assistance, and the establishment of a digital reading corner (Pocadi).

"The digital reading corner has been started since 2019. And it is targeted that by 2021 it reaches 160 points," concluded Sri Sumekar.

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