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26 Jun 2020

Preventing Hoax by Reading Webinar: People’s Character is the Factor for Hoax to Grow Rapidly

Medan Merdeka Selatan, Jakarta - Fake news or hoaxes are not new. Since humans were created, hoax viruses have existed and have continued to develop over time. The flash flood of information makes it difficult for the public to distinguish between true and false information. This is a challenge in managing information.

"Indonesians are known as people who like to chat. Especially on social media, where Facebook and Instagram users in Indonesia reach tens of millions," explained Indonesian Reading Ambassador, Najwa Shihab, at National Library of Indonesia Webinar 'Preventing Hoaxes by Reading', on Friday afternoon (26/6).

Najwa admitted that there were several reasons why hoaxes circulated very quickly. First, the character of Indonesian people who like to chat, so they are more vulnerable to hoaxes. Second, Indonesians also trust more if they get information from their closest people. Third, the situation that affects especially during pandemic. "This is what makes hoaxes flourish because people still find it difficult to find references about Covid-19 that are relatively new," added Najwa.

Najwa advised to be careful with provocative news headlines, pay attention to website addresses, whether or not it is fake. Then, check the authenticity of the photo. Currently, there are many applications provided to check the authenticity of information sources, images, and photographs.

One of the reasons for hoaxes prevalence in Indonesia is that the culture of reading physically from books has not yet persisted, which then has quickly shifted to a digital reading culture.

Digital reading culture requires strong literacy skills. And Indonesians are still vulnerable because they have not been able to choose and sort out the right information and according to their needs.

"Reading books physically will bring about characters that do not easily believe in received information. Having curiosity, careful in making decisions, and used to finding common threads from what they read. Not easily deceived. Meanwhile, when reading books digitally, usually only the points or some fragments are read, "explained Nana, Najwa Shihab's nickname.




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