Indonesia, Host of Conference of Director National Library Asia-Oceania (CDNL-AO) 2020
Singapore – Conference of Director National Library Asia-Oceania (CDNL-AO) appointed Indonesia as the next host in 2020. The holding of CDNL-AO this year took place at National Library Board (NLB) on Thursday (21/2). CDNL-AO in 2019 was commemorating its 40th anniversary since it was first held in 1979. Around 20 countries throughout Asia participated in this meeting including Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam.
This meeting discussed plan and strategic role of libraries in the next 40 years in Asia and Oceania countries. Director of National Library Muhammad Syarif Bando expressed a viewpoint on how National Library of Indonesia faced issues as well as implemented library strategic programs in Indonesia. One of them is the implementation of social inclusion-based library and big data for better library services.
The CDNL-AO meeting produced many cooperation offers; one of them is China Silk Belt Initiative. China Silk Belt Initiative is a Chinese pioneer program to connect Asia, Africa, and Europe; this initiative has turned into a widespread slogan to describe almost all Chinese involvement aspects abroad. Belt and Road, or yi dai yi lu, is “the 21st century silk road,” which consists of a land corridor “belt” and maritime “road” from shipping lane. From Southeast Asia to East Europe and Africa, Belt and Road consists of 71 countries that contribute half of the world’s population and a quarter of global GDP.
The viewpoint of Muhammad Syarif Bando delivered at the international forum explained the country’s goal; one of them is to educate the nation. National Library which was established on May 17, 1980 and strengthened through Act Number 43/2007 concerning Library stated that Indonesia is the only country in the world that has the authority to regulate government affairs in library field from central to region level. In 2018, National Library conducted a census to find out the total number of libraries in Indonesia. At the present time, Indonesia has 164,576 libraries put Indonesia at the second place after India.
Facing industrial era 4.0 and Society 5.0, National Library of Republic of Indonesia developed a digital library through iPusnas which is an application in library where users can read and interact with other people as on social media. This application used Digital Right Management which allows writers, publishers, and readers to connect and create technological ecosystem to adapt in the industrial era 4.0 where artificial intelligent and big data are very important. Until now, iPusnas has more than 40,000 titles and 600,000 copies and is very accessible for all Indonesian.
In addition, Deputy of Library Resource Development WoroTiti Haryanti conveyed that National Library of Indonesia will continue to bring services closer to people and provide guidance for Public Library through stimulus in the form of Mobile Library Car and Motorcycle Library as well as attempt to change the image of library through Indonesian reading ambassador Najwa Shihab as influencer who introduces library as a fun place to learn, share experiences and skills. Moreover, literacy activists in each region have creative ideas in bringing library closer to people, such as Motor Pustaka, Ojek Pustaka, Perahu Pustaka, Kuda Pustaka, Gerobak Pustaka, Kereta Pustaka, Pedati Pustaka, Becak Pustaka, Sepeda Pustaka, Ransel Pustaka to Noken Pustaka.
On this occasion, National Library of Indonesia represented by Muhammad Syarif Bando with National Library Board (NLB) Singapore represented by Elaine Ng signed a joint agreement regarding collaboration in knowledge of library collections related to history, culture or heritage of other countries for research interests including sharing catalog information. Exchanges might include such subjects as administration, collection development and management, conservation and preservation, curator, design exhibition, information technology as well as institutional research and publication.